Ruth Elfriede Fischer (* Dezember in Leipzig; † März in Paris) war eine deutsch-österreichische Politikerin (u. a. KPD) und Publizistin. Ruth Fischer. Ein Leben mit und gegen Kommunisten (). Series: Zeithistorische Studien, Ruth Elfriede Fischer war eine deutsch-österreichische Politikerin und Publizistin.
Ruth FischerRuth Fischer – ein Leben mit und gegen Kommunisten. Internationale Geschichte und biografische Forschung. DÖW-Kooperation: Vortrag von Mario Kessler. Fischer, Ruth (eigentlich Elfriede Eisler), * Leipzig (Deutschland), † 3. Paris (Frankreich), Sozialarbeiterin und Politikerin (KPÖ);. Ihre Mutter, geborene Ida Fischer, stammte aus einer Leipziger Musikerfamilie (nach ihr wählte Ruth Fischer ihr politisches Pseudonym). Da ihr Vater eine.
Ruth Fischer Inhaltsverzeichnis VideoRuth Fischer - Die Blume des Glücks 1960
Auch wenn Once Upon A Time – Es War Einmal Serie inzwischen an Zuschauerzahlen Ruth Fischer hat, der landesweit ausgestrahlt wird. - InhaltsverzeichnisCymraeg Links bearbeiten. We welcome you to Ruth Fisher Middle School. You'll find our campus at W. Indian School Road Tonopah, AZ Ruth Fischer, 83, Lake Lillian, Minn., died Monday, Dec. 28, in Meeker Memorial Hospital. A private family service will be held. Arrangements by Harvey Anderson Funeral Home. This content was contributed by a user of the site. Elfriede Eisler (Ruth Fischer) was born in Leipzig, Germany, on 11th February, Her father, Rudolf Eisler, was a professor of philosophy at the University of Leipzig. Her father was Jewish and her mother, Marie Fischer, was Lutheran. About Ruth A. Fischer Wright Ruth Fischer-Wright, MD, follows a philosophy founded on giving her patients an active role in their health care. "I view the patient-provider relationship as a team," she says. "I believe that each encounter with a patient is an opportunity to empower and assist them as they make decisions about their care.". Ruth O'Connor Fisher is the widow of Nathaniel Fisher and mother of three.
They, too, had their day in the political convulsions between ad At this time Ruth Fischer was not yet in leading position, but supported Zinoviev and Radek, the executors of the Moscow program.
Now they could blow hot and cold, move in one direction or another, or not move at all. They could advance and retreat, take in reformism or revolution, be national or international, just as the shifting needs of the Russian state required.
He was a plump, balding, kindly looking little man. Was he Gerhart Eisler? Yes, yes, he was. Well - he had just been accused of being the No.
Communist, the Brain, the big tap on the wire to Moscow. How about it? Eisler acted as though he did not understand.
Who had said this? A man who knew him - Louis Francis Budenz, ex-managing editor of Manhattan's Daily Worker. Eisler peered through his horn rimmed spectacles with a gentle smile and asked the gentlemen in.
Gerhart Eisler had nothing to hide. Budenz, he said, as if the explanation were unnecessary to people of intelligence, was obviously mistaken.
It was true that he had once been a Communist in Germany but that had been many years ago. He had come to the U. Did he look like a spy?
All he wanted to do was go back to Germany, but the U. State Department would not allow it. Last week, when Gerhart Eisler was brought to Washington to be questioned by the House Committee on Un-American Activities, he was a changed man.
He rose before the committee pale with anger. When the committee chairman, New Jersey's Congressman J. Parnell Thomas, directed him to desist and be sworn, he refused.
Thomas warned: "Remember, you are a guest of the country. This was too much. Eisler began beating on the table and yelling, "I am an anti-Fascist.
I am not a guest of the country. I am a political prisoner. But after two burly Department of Justice agents had led him from the room, a different picture of Gerhart Eisler began to take shape.
He had indeed been a top Soviet agent, a "C. As "a man from Moscow" he had lived in a world where honor, friendship, even family ties meant nothing.
One of the witnesses who denounced him was his sister, sharp-chinned, black-haired ex-German Communist Ruth Fischer, the person who hates him most.
Then he tried to undermine Ernst Thaelmann, Stalin's favorite in Germany. He failed, was summoned to Moscow. He escaped liquidation by denouncing friends who were out of favor.
He turned up in China, charged with purging the party of spies and dissidents, sent so many men to their deaths that he was known as "The Executioner.
The House Committee held a passport application which demonstrated how the trick was turned. It was dated Aug.
It was filled out in the handwriting of a left-wing lawyer, one Leon Josephson. Clipped to it was Eisler's photograph. Eisler appeared in Moscow to attend a Comintern school, in Spain as commissar of German Loyalist troops.
In , during the days of the Russo-German pact, he was in France. He was thrown into a concentration camp, kept there until Released, he assumed the role of a harmless refugee, headed for the U.
In many ways, Gerhart Eisler's life as a Queens apartment dweller was as quiet as he indicated. Although he had a Viennese wife - his second - in Stockholm, he settled down comfortably with a slim Polish girl named Brunhilda, who had accompanied him across the Atlantic.
Eisler maintains that he got a Mexican divorce from his Stockholm wife in , married Brunhilda in Norwalk, Conn, the same year.
He became an air raid warden, contributed to a blood bank, nodded pleasantly to his neighbors. After 22 years of hating Stalin, ex-German Communist Leader Ruth Fischer last week had got a load off her chest.
It was also an intimate, encyclopedic exposure of the doubletalk and double crossing among top-level Communists.
Ruth Fischer got into Communism in Vienna in She was 22, university-educated, and aflame with zeal to remake the world. In the Austrian Communist Party she held Card No.
At 25 she became chairman of the Berlin section of Germany's new Communist Party. Even before people tried tor reach the police, an ambulance car pulled up and headed Maslow to a distant private hospital.
When the ambulance arrived there, Maslow was already dead. As Ruth Fischer found out, the death certificate did not speak about the real reason of death, but mentioned a heart attack as death reason.
Ruth Fischer did not know that Lore was a long-time informer for the Soviet Military Secret Service. Only Orlov survived.
That does not mean that Lore forwarded personally reports to Moscow even after his announced break. But since Maslow forwarded his letters not to Reinhardt, but to Lore, the information the Soviets took — if they took — must have come from these letters.
For a time she was employed as a social worker. Maslow had been the great love of her life, and since his passing she never wanted to live with another man.
Ruth Fischer had to make a living and, therefore, she wrote a number of applications for research grants. In October , Ruth Fischer received a one-year grant from the Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars.
For another year, she received support from the Institute of International Education. In and Ruth Fischer visited her brother Hanns and his wife Lou Eisler in California.
On 27 April she addressed a letter to Gerhart, Hanns and Lou. With financial assistance from the American Federation of Labor, Ruth Fischer started to publish The Network , a mimeographed circular journal.
By the end of the U. House of Representatives had resurrected the House Un-American Activities Committee HUAC , which it had originally set up in The Committee started its activities with what would become known as the Eisler-Fischer Affair.
Since the mids, Gerhart Eisler had been a leading functionary in the KPD and in the Comintern. Between and he was a liaison between the Comintern and the Communist Parties in China, and then from to in the United States.
During the Spanish Civil War he directed a German anti-Fascist radio station. In he was incarcerated in France for more than two years.
In he returned to the United States. There he was instrumental in forming the Council for a Democratic Germany, although the official head was the protestant theology professor Paul Tillich.
As early as 6 May , Ruth Fischer informed the Office of Strategic Service OSS the predecessor of the CIA, about the activities of the Council.
It also warned of communist and pro-communist activities among former German soldiers in POW camps. She exposed him as the man who directed, under the pseudonym Hans Berger, the international communist activities in the United States.
Edgar Hoover wrote in a letter to D. But the political climate in the U. Under the pretext that Eisler had violated U. On 6 February he was asked to testify before the HUAC.
Therefore he refused to be sworn in until he was allowed to make a few remarks on his behalf. The Committee refused and decided instead that Eisler should be cited for contempt and that he should be brought to the County Jail of Washington, D.
The chief investigator Robert E. After his arrival in New York on 13 June he had been interned at Ellis Island, but was released in September.
We have to fight his terrorist methods, and do everything in our power to hinder that movement. On 16 June Ruth Fischer testified in the Washington District Court that her brother had been sent to the U.
In September the HUAC interrogated Hanns Eisler. The interrogation efforts were the same: It was proven that he was an organized communist, that he had been a member of the KPD and that he had cooperated with communist organizations in both the Soviet Union and the US.
Stripling quoted several passages from the play. Gerhart Eisler was sentenced to one to three years in prison, but soon released on bail. When his last legal appeal failed, he jumped bail and secretly boarded a Polish liner bound for London in May The crew only discovered him after the ship was at sea.
Once in England, authorities allowed him to leave for East Germany. Brecht went to East Berlin, as well. On 10 May Ruth Fischer testified before the Subcommittee on Immigration and Naturalization of the Senate Committee of the Judiciary.
The chair of the Subcommittee was the pro-fascist Senator Patrick McCarran who had been an outspoken left-liberal in his youth but later persistently expressed his vehement support for dictators like Franco.
Fischer warned them not to underestimate the small American Communist Party, which she described as a direct tool of the Soviet embassy.
Several thousand people, basically every American communist, were being trained in sabotage. Among those persons who had been given a U.
In Fischer published her book Stalin and German Communism at Harvard University Press. It was the first full-fledged story of the Communist Party of Germany in English and provoked much attention.
The Widener Library offered her a permanent post as consultant and reviewer of recent literature on communism and the labor movement.
She held this position until she moved to Paris in After her application for American citizenship was approved in , Fischer remained a U.
In August she was one of the initiators of the Congress for Cultural Freedom but did not participate in the West Berlin opening session.
She may not have wanted to risk coming so close to the Soviet-controlled territory of East Berlin. In it was revealed that the CIA largely sponsored the Association.
This was the name of an American secret service that was created during World War II by military intelligence as a counterweight to the Office of Strategic Services, the forerunner of the CIA.
The Pond funcioned as a semiautonomous agency for the State Department and, before its dissolution around , served as a contractor for the CIA with links to the FBI.
The head of The Pond was Colonel John V. Grombach, a radio producer and author of books on sports history, who came in contact with Ruth Fischer around Sell This Version.
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Retrieved 11 November International Institute of Social History. Retrieved 11 April Authority control BNF : cbx data GND : ISNI : LCCN : n NKC : skuk NLI : NLP : A NTA : PLWABN : SNAC : w6wd42r7 SUDOC : VIAF : WorldCat Identities : lccn-n