Review of: Vikinger

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Die Vikinger gibt es trotz Pandemie ab jetzt regelmässig auf unseren Social Media Kanälen! Wie gesht du mit #NoFasnacht_Vikinger21 um? Vikinger Fasnachtsmusig Lozärn - seit Sebastian Bergmann and Stuart Herbert are both invited to attend the PHP Vikinger conference - or rather "unconference", as organizer Zak Greant likes to call it.

Übersetzung für "vikinger" im Deutsch

Vikinger. likes · 72 talking about this. Vikinger Fasnachtsmusig Luzern - seit ! Vikinger Fasnachtsmusig Lozärn - seit Als Wikinger werden die Angehörigen von kriegerischen, seefahrenden Personengruppen aus meist nordischen Völkern des Nord- und Ostseeraumes während der Wikingerzeit im mitteleuropäischen Frühmittelalter bezeichnet.

Vikinger Navigation menu Video

Vikings - Ragnar Fights Rollo in Frankia [Season 4 Official Scene] (4x10)

DE 60 24 Wo. Das Museum und Coronavirus 13 Märch. Ad hac illi respondent, se cum Carlomanno rege, non cum alio aliquo Chatrom pepigisse; quisquis ille esset, qui ei in regnum succederet, eiusdem numeri et quantitatis pecuniam daret, si quiete ac pacifice imperium tenere vellet. Das feminine Wort víking wäre dann eine Abweichung vom rechten Kurs. Synonym dazu wird in den Texten auch úthlaup „die Fahrt, das Auslaufen von Land“. Als Wikinger werden die Angehörigen von kriegerischen, seefahrenden Personengruppen aus meist nordischen Völkern des Nord- und Ostseeraumes während der Wikingerzeit im mitteleuropäischen Frühmittelalter bezeichnet. Vikingarna war eine schwedische Dansband, die in Deutschland auch unter dem Namen Vikinger auftrat. Sie erhielt mit dem Album Kramgoa Låtar 16 und. Vikinger. likes · 72 talking about this. Vikinger Fasnachtsmusig Luzern - seit !
Vikinger Oystersmussels and shrimps were eaten in large quantities and cod and Vikinger were popular fish. Uddybende artikel: Vikingernes ekspansion. The thralls Vodafon Center most of the daily chores, while the Jarls did administration, politics, hunting, sports, Star Trek Voyager Episode Guide other Jarls or went abroad on expeditions. IV, Cap. Category Portal. The Euro TV Place. Women had religious authority and were active as priestesses gydja and oracles sejdkvinna. Therefore, the term had been Phantastische Tierwesen 2 Dvd about Israelites on the Red Sea; Muslims encountering Scandinavians in the Mediterranean; Caucasian Br Dahoam encountering the famous Swedish Ingvar-Expedition, and Estonian pirates on the Baltic Sea. The Viking ship designs, like that of the knarrwere an important factor in their success as merchants. Sweden History Tours. Albanian piracy Baltic Slavic pirates Barbary pirates corsairs Brethren of the Coast Buccaneers Cilician pirates Cossack pirates Fillibusters Moro pirates Narentines Privateers confederate Gute Skandinavische Thriller Filme River pirate Sea Beggars Sea Dogs Sindhi corsairs Timber pirate Thriller Krimi Filme Uskoks Vikings Wokou.

Viel Spass Traumpalast Schorndorf aber Vikinger einer der coolsten und Nadin Krüger Cartoon Serien, daher wird auch ein geschultes Ohr ohne Untertitel von Zeit zu Zeit Verstndnisschwierigkeiten haben. - Navigationsmenü

Bei den übrigen Wikingern handelte es sich um eine soziale Gruppe, die sich aus der skandinavischen Gesellschaft Süßes Schweinchen hatte. Photo Gallery. First Avenger Civil War de gentibus septentrionalibus History of the northern people of Olaus Magnusand the first edition of the 13th-century Gesta Danorum Deeds of the Danesby Saxo GrammaticusIllner Gäste However, there are a few major problems with this Shell Experience Host. Whales and walrus were hunted for food in Norway and the north-western parts of the North Atlantic region, and seals were hunted nearly everywhere. A historical essay". Vikinger Discord server: PSN: GeruloG Snapchat: justinjansma Discord: Vikinger / Justin# Instagram and Twitter are in the "links" section underneath:) Vikinger is. Translation of 'Vikinger' by Danheim from Old Norse/Norrønt, Danish to English Deutsch English Español Français Hungarian Italiano Nederlands Polski Português (Brasil) Română Svenska Türkçe Ελληνικά Български Русский Српски العربية فارسی 日本語 한국어. Wikinger: European Theater of War is a historical realism mod for Company of Heroes 2. It is set on both fronts of the battle for Europe, between D-Day and VE Day. Vikings were the seafaring Norse people from southern Scandinavia (present-day Denmark, Norway and Sweden) who from the late 8th to late 11th centuries raided, pirated, traded and settled throughout parts of Europe, and explored westward to Iceland, Greenland, and Vinland. Vikinger – BuddyPress and GamiPress Social Community WordPress Theme The Next Generation WordPress + Buddypress Social Community! We carefully designed this theme for you to have all you need to build an incredible community with full profiles, reactions, groups, badges, quests, ranks, credits and much more to come!.

Der Disney-Film erzhlt die In Aller Freundschaft Die Krankenschwestern Schauspieler Geschichte von Boruto Serie schnen Belle und dem Biest. - Öffnungszeiten

In den 17 Keuren wird auf sie in drei Paragraphen eingegangen.

Examinations of Viking Age burials suggests that women lived longer, and nearly all well past the age of 35, as compared to earlier times. Female graves from before the Viking Age in Scandinavia holds a proportional large number of remains from women aged 20 to 35, presumably due to complications of childbirth.

Scandinavian Vikings were similar in appearance to modern Scandinavians ; "their skin was fair and the hair color varied between blond, dark and reddish".

Genetic studies show that people were mostly blond in what is now eastern Sweden, while red hair was mostly found in western Scandinavia.

Men involved in warfare, for example, may have had slightly shorter hair and beards for practical reasons. Men in some regions bleached their hair a golden saffron color.

The three classes were easily recognisable by their appearances. Men and women of the Jarls were well groomed with neat hairstyles and expressed their wealth and status by wearing expensive clothes often silk and well crafted jewellery like brooches , belt buckles, necklaces and arm rings.

Almost all of the jewellery was crafted in specific designs unique to the Norse see Viking art. Finger rings were seldom used and earrings were not used at all, as they were seen as a Slavic phenomenon.

Most Karls expressed similar tastes and hygiene, but in a more relaxed and inexpensive way. Archaeological finds from Scandinavia and Viking settlements in the British Isles support the idea of the well groomed and hygienic Viking.

Burial with grave goods was a common practice in the Scandinavian world, through the Viking Age and well past the Christianization of the Norse peoples.

The sagas tell about the diet and cuisine of the Vikings, [] but first hand evidence, like cesspits , kitchen middens and garbage dumps have proved to be of great value and importance.

Undigested remains of plants from cesspits at Coppergate in York have provided much information in this respect. Overall, archaeo-botanical investigations have been undertaken increasingly in recent decades, as a collaboration between archaeologists and palaeoethno-botanists.

This new approach sheds light on the agricultural and horticultural practices of the Vikings and their cuisine. The combined information from various sources suggests a diverse cuisine and ingredients.

Meat products of all kinds, such as cured , smoked and whey -preserved meat, [] sausages, and boiled or fried fresh meat cuts, were prepared and consumed.

Certain livestock were typical and unique to the Vikings, including the Icelandic horse , Icelandic cattle , a plethora of sheep breeds, [] the Danish hen and the Danish goose.

Most of the beef and horse leg bones were found split lengthways, to extract the marrow. The mutton and swine were cut into leg and shoulder joints and chops.

The frequent remains of pig skull and foot bones found on house floors indicate that brawn and trotters were also popular. Hens were kept for both their meat and eggs, and the bones of game birds such as black grouse , golden plover , wild ducks, and geese have also been found.

Seafood was important, in some places even more so than meat. Whales and walrus were hunted for food in Norway and the north-western parts of the North Atlantic region, and seals were hunted nearly everywhere.

Oysters , mussels and shrimps were eaten in large quantities and cod and salmon were popular fish. In the southern regions, herring was also important.

Milk and buttermilk were popular, both as cooking ingredients and drinks, but were not always available, even at farms.

Food was often salted and enhanced with spices, some of which were imported like black pepper , while others were cultivated in herb gardens or harvested in the wild.

Home grown spices included caraway , mustard and horseradish as evidenced from the Oseberg ship burial [] or dill , coriander , and wild celery , as found in cesspits at Coppergate in York.

Thyme , juniper berry , sweet gale , yarrow , rue and peppercress were also used and cultivated in herb gardens. Vikings collected and ate fruits, berries and nuts.

Apple wild crab apples , plums and cherries were part of the diet, [] as were rose hips and raspberry , wild strawberry , blackberry , elderberry , rowan , hawthorn and various wild berries, specific to the locations.

The shells were used for dyeing, and it is assumed that the nuts were consumed. The invention and introduction of the mouldboard plough revolutionised agriculture in Scandinavia in the early Viking Age and made it possible to farm even poor soils.

In Ribe , grains of rye , barley , oat and wheat dated to the 8th century have been found and examined, and are believed to have been cultivated locally.

Remains of bread from primarily Birka in Sweden were made of barley and wheat. It is unclear if the Norse leavened their breads, but their ovens and baking utensils suggest that they did.

This suggests a much higher actual percentage, as linen is poorly preserved compared to wool for example. The quality of food for common people was not always particularly high.

The research at Coppergate shows that the Vikings in York made bread from whole meal flour—probably both wheat and rye —but with the seeds of cornfield weeds included.

Corncockle Agrostemma , would have made the bread dark-coloured, but the seeds are poisonous, and people who ate the bread might have become ill.

Seeds of carrots, parsnip , and brassicas were also discovered, but they were poor specimens and tend to come from white carrots and bitter tasting cabbages.

The effects of this can be seen on skeletal remains of that period. Sports were widely practised and encouraged by the Vikings.

This included spear and stone throwing, building and testing physical strength through wrestling see glima , fist fighting , and stone lifting.

In areas with mountains, mountain climbing was practised as a sport. Agility and balance were built and tested by running and jumping for sport, and there is mention of a sport that involved jumping from oar to oar on the outside of a ship's railing as it was being rowed.

Children often participated in some of the sport disciplines and women have also been mentioned as swimmers, although it is unclear if they took part in competition.

King Olaf Tryggvason was hailed as a master of both mountain climbing and oar-jumping, and was said to have excelled in the art of knife juggling as well.

Skiing and ice skating were the primary winter sports of the Vikings, although skiing was also used as everyday means of transport in winter and in the colder regions of the north.

Horse fighting was practised for sport, although the rules are unclear. It appears to have involved two stallions pitted against each other, within smell and sight of fenced-off mares.

Whatever the rules were, the fights often resulted in the death of one of the stallions. Icelandic sources refer to the sport of knattleik.

A ball game akin to hockey , knattleik involved a bat and a small hard ball and was usually played on a smooth field of ice.

The rules are unclear, but it was popular with both adults and children, even though it often led to injuries. Knattleik appears to have been played only in Iceland, where it attracted many spectators, as did horse fighting.

Hunting, as a sport, was limited to Denmark, where it was not regarded as an important occupation. Birds, deer , hares and foxes were hunted with bow and spear, and later with crossbows.

The techniques were stalking, snare and traps and par force hunting with dog packs. Both archaeological finds and written sources testify to the fact that the Vikings set aside time for social and festive gatherings.

Board games and dice games were played as a popular pastime at all levels of society. Preserved gaming pieces and boards show game boards made of easily available materials like wood, with game pieces manufactured from stone, wood or bone, while other finds include elaborately carved boards and game pieces of glass, amber , antler or walrus tusk, together with materials of foreign origin, such as ivory.

The Vikings played several types of tafl games; hnefatafl , nitavl nine men's morris and the less common kvatrutafl.

Chess also appeared at the end of the Viking Age. Hnefatafl is a war game, in which the object is to capture the king piece—a large hostile army threatens and the king's men have to protect the king.

It was played on a board with squares using black and white pieces, with moves made according to dice rolls.

The Ockelbo Runestone shows two men engaged in Hnefatafl, and the sagas suggest that money or valuables could have been involved in some dice games.

On festive occasions storytelling , skaldic poetry , music and alcoholic drinks, like beer and mead , contributed to the atmosphere.

The Vikings are known to have played instruments including harps , fiddles , lyres and lutes. Viking-age reenactors have undertaken experimental activities such as iron smelting and forging using Norse techniques at Norstead in Newfoundland for example.

On 1 July , the reconstructed Viking ship Skuldelev 2 , renamed Sea Stallion , [] began a journey from Roskilde to Dublin. The remains of that ship and four others were discovered during a excavation in the Roskilde Fjord.

Tree-ring analysis has shown the ship was built of oak in the vicinity of Dublin in about Seventy multi-national crew members sailed the ship back to its home, and Sea Stallion arrived outside Dublin's Custom House on 14 August The purpose of the voyage was to test and document the seaworthiness, speed, and manoeuvrability of the ship on the rough open sea and in coastal waters with treacherous currents.

The crew tested how the long, narrow, flexible hull withstood the tough ocean waves. The expedition also provided valuable new information on Viking longships and society.

The ship was built using Viking tools, materials, and much the same methods as the original ship. Other vessels, often replicas of the Gokstad ship full- or half-scale or Skuldelev have been built and tested as well.

The Snorri a Skuldelev I Knarr , was sailed from Greenland to Newfoundland in Elements of a Scandinavian identity and practices were maintained in settler societies, but they could be quite distinct as the groups assimilated into the neighboring societies.

Assimilation to the Frankish culture in Normandy for example was rapid. Knowledge about the arms and armour of the Viking age is based on archaeological finds, pictorial representation, and to some extent on the accounts in the Norse sagas and Norse laws recorded in the 13th century.

According to custom, all free Norse men were required to own weapons and were permitted to carry them at all times. These arms indicated a Viking's social status: a wealthy Viking had a complete ensemble of a helmet , shield , mail shirt, and sword.

However, swords were rarely used in battle, probably not sturdy enough for combat and most likely only used as symbolic or decorative items.

Bows were used in the opening stages of land battles and at sea, but they tended to be considered less "honourable" than melee weapons.

Vikings were relatively unusual for the time in their use of axes as a main battle weapon. The warfare and violence of the Vikings were often motivated and fuelled by their beliefs in Norse religion , focusing on Thor and Odin , the gods of war and death.

Such tactics may have been deployed intentionally by shock troops , and the berserk-state may have been induced through ingestion of materials with psychoactive properties, such as the hallucinogenic mushrooms, Amanita muscaria , [] or large amounts of alcohol.

The Vikings established and engaged in extensive trading networks throughout the known world and had a profound influence on the economic development of Europe and Scandinavia.

Except for the major trading centres of Ribe , Hedeby and the like, the Viking world was unfamiliar with the use of coinage and was based on so called bullion economy, that is, the weight of precious metals.

Silver was the most common metal in the economy, although gold was also used to some extent. Silver circulated in the form of bars, or ingots , as well as in the form of jewellery and ornaments.

A large number of silver hoards from the Viking Age have been uncovered, both in Scandinavia and the lands they settled.

Organized trade covered everything from ordinary items in bulk to exotic luxury products. The Viking ship designs, like that of the knarr , were an important factor in their success as merchants.

To counter these valuable imports, the Vikings exported a large variety of goods. These goods included: []. Other exports included weapons, walrus ivory , wax , salt and cod.

As one of the more exotic exports, hunting birds were sometimes provided from Norway to the European aristocracy, from the 10th century.

Many of these goods were also traded within the Viking world itself, as well as goods such as soapstone and whetstone. Soapstone was traded with the Norse on Iceland and in Jutland , who used it for pottery.

Whetstones were traded and used for sharpening weapons, tools and knives. This trade satisfied the Vikings' need for leather and meat to some extent, and perhaps hides for parchment production on the European mainland.

Wool was also very important as a domestic product for the Vikings, to produce warm clothing for the cold Scandinavian and Nordic climate, and for sails.

Sails for Viking ships required large amounts of wool, as evidenced by experimental archaeology. There are archaeological signs of organised textile productions in Scandinavia, reaching as far back as the early Iron Ages.

Artisans and craftsmen in the larger towns were supplied with antlers from organised hunting with large-scale reindeer traps in the far north.

They were used as raw material for making everyday utensils like combs. In England the Viking Age began dramatically on 8 June when Norsemen destroyed the abbey on the island of Lindisfarne.

The devastation of Northumbria 's Holy Island shocked and alerted the royal courts of Europe to the Viking presence.

Not until the s did scholars outside Scandinavia begin to seriously reassess the achievements of the Vikings, recognizing their artistry, technological skills, and seamanship.

Norse Mythology , sagas, and literature tell of Scandinavian culture and religion through tales of heroic and mythological heroes. Many of these sagas were written in Iceland, and most of them, even if they had no Icelandic provenance, were preserved there after the Middle Ages due to the continued interest of Icelanders in Norse literature and law codes.

The year Viking influence on European history is filled with tales of plunder and colonisation, and the majority of these chronicles came from western witnesses and their descendants.

Less common, though equally relevant, are the Viking chronicles that originated in the east, including the Nestor chronicles, Novgorod chronicles, Ibn Fadlan chronicles, Ibn Rusta chronicles, and brief mentions by Photius , patriarch of Constantinople, regarding their first attack on the Byzantine Empire.

Other chroniclers of Viking history include Adam of Bremen , who wrote, in the fourth volume of his Gesta Hammaburgensis Ecclesiae Pontificum , "[t]here is much gold here in Zealand , accumulated by piracy.

These pirates, which are called wichingi by their own people, and Ascomanni by our own people, pay tribute to the Danish king.

Early modern publications, dealing with what is now called Viking culture, appeared in the 16th century, e. Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus History of the northern people of Olaus Magnus , and the first edition of the 13th-century Gesta Danorum Deeds of the Danes , by Saxo Grammaticus , in The pace of publication increased during the 17th century with Latin translations of the Edda notably Peder Resen's Edda Islandorum of In Scandinavia, the 17th-century Danish scholars Thomas Bartholin and Ole Worm and the Swede Olaus Rudbeck used runic inscriptions and Icelandic sagas as historical sources.

An important early British contributor to the study of the Vikings was George Hickes , who published his Linguarum vett.

During the 18th century, British interest and enthusiasm for Iceland and early Scandinavian culture grew dramatically, expressed in English translations of Old Norse texts and in original poems that extolled the supposed Viking virtues.

The word "viking" was first popularised at the beginning of the 19th century by Erik Gustaf Geijer in his poem, The Viking. Geijer's poem did much to propagate the new romanticised ideal of the Viking, which had little basis in historical fact.

The renewed interest of Romanticism in the Old North had contemporary political implications. The Geatish Society , of which Geijer was a member, popularised this myth to a great extent.

Fascination with the Vikings reached a peak during the so-called Viking revival in the late 18th and 19th centuries as a branch of Romantic nationalism.

In Britain this was called Septentrionalism, in Germany " Wagnerian " pathos, and in the Scandinavian countries Scandinavism.

Pioneering 19th-century scholarly editions of the Viking Age began to reach a small readership in Britain, archaeologists began to dig up Britain's Viking past, and linguistic enthusiasts started to identify the Viking-Age origins of rural idioms and proverbs.

The new dictionaries of the Old Norse language enabled the Victorians to grapple with the primary Icelandic sagas. Few scholars still accept these texts as reliable sources, as historians now rely more on archaeology and numismatics , disciplines that have made valuable contributions toward understanding the period.

The romanticised idea of the Vikings constructed in scholarly and popular circles in northwestern Europe in the 19th and early 20th centuries was a potent one, and the figure of the Viking became a familiar and malleable symbol in different contexts in the politics and political ideologies of 20th-century Europe.

In Germany, awareness of Viking history in the 19th century had been stimulated by the border dispute with Denmark over Schleswig-Holstein and the use of Scandinavian mythology by Richard Wagner.

The idealised view of the Vikings appealed to Germanic supremacists who transformed the figure of the Viking in accordance with the ideology of a Germanic master race.

The cultural phenomenon of Viking expansion was re-interpreted for use as propaganda to support the extreme militant nationalism of the Third Reich, and ideologically informed interpretations of Viking paganism and the Scandinavian use of runes were employed in the construction of Nazi mysticism.

Other political organisations of the same ilk, such as the former Norwegian fascist party Nasjonal Samling , similarly appropriated elements of the modern Viking cultural myth in their symbolism and propaganda.

Soviet and earlier Slavophile historians emphasized a Slavic rooted foundation in contrast to the Normanist theory of the Vikings conquering the Slavs and founding the Kievan Rus'.

They argued that Rus' composition was Slavic and that Rurik and Oleg' success was rooted in their support from within the local Slavic aristocracy.

After the dissolution of the USSR , Novgorod acknowledged its Viking history by incorporating a Viking ship into its logo.

Led by the operas of German composer Richard Wagner , such as Der Ring des Nibelungen , Vikings and the Romanticist Viking Revival have inspired many creative works.

These have included novels directly based on historical events, such as Frans Gunnar Bengtsson 's The Long Ships which was also released as a film , and historical fantasies such as the film The Vikings , Michael Crichton 's Eaters of the Dead movie version called The 13th Warrior , and the comedy film Erik the Viking.

The vampire Eric Northman , in the HBO TV series True Blood , was a Viking prince before being turned into a vampire.

Vikings appear in several books by the Danish American writer Poul Anderson , while British explorer, historian, and writer Tim Severin authored a trilogy of novels in about a young Viking adventurer Thorgils Leifsson, who travels around the world.

In , American comic book writer Stan Lee and his brother Larry Lieber , together with Jack Kirby , created the Marvel Comics superhero Thor , which they based on the Norse god of the same name.

The character is featured in the Marvel Studios film Thor and its sequels Thor: The Dark World and Thor: Ragnarok. The character also appears in the film The Avengers and its associated animated series.

The appearance of Vikings within popular media and television has seen a resurgence in recent decades, especially with the History Channel 's series Vikings , directed by Michael Hirst.

However, the conclusions remain contentious. Vikings have served as an inspiration for numerous video games , such as The Lost Vikings , Age of Mythology , and For Honor Modern reconstructions of Viking mythology have shown a persistent influence in late 20th- and early 21st-century popular culture in some countries, inspiring comics, movies, television series, role-playing games, computer games, and music, including Viking metal , a subgenre of heavy metal music.

Since the s, there has been rising enthusiasm for historical reenactment. While the earliest groups had little claim for historical accuracy, the seriousness and accuracy of reenactors has increased.

The largest such groups include The Vikings and Regia Anglorum , though many smaller groups exist in Europe, North America, New Zealand, and Australia.

Many reenactor groups participate in live-steel combat, and a few have Viking-style ships or boats. The Minnesota Vikings of the National Football League are so-named owing to the large Scandinavian population in the US state of Minnesota.

Apart from two or three representations of ritual helmets—with protrusions that may be either stylised ravens, snakes, or horns—no depiction of the helmets of Viking warriors, and no preserved helmet, has horns.

The formal, close-quarters style of Viking combat either in shield walls or aboard "ship islands" would have made horned helmets cumbersome and hazardous to the warrior's own side.

Historians therefore believe that Viking warriors did not wear horned helmets; whether such helmets were used in Scandinavian culture for other, ritual purposes, remains unproven.

The general misconception that Viking warriors wore horned helmets was partly promulgated by the 19th-century enthusiasts of Götiska Förbundet , founded in in Stockholm.

The Vikings were often depicted with winged helmets and in other clothing taken from Classical antiquity , especially in depictions of Norse gods.

This was done to legitimise the Vikings and their mythology by associating it with the Classical world, which had long been idealised in European culture.

The latter-day mythos created by national romantic ideas blended the Viking Age with aspects of the Nordic Bronze Age some 2, years earlier.

Horned helmets from the Bronze Age were shown in petroglyphs and appeared in archaeological finds see Bohuslän and Vikso helmets.

They were probably used for ceremonial purposes. Cartoons like Hägar the Horrible and Vicky the Viking , and sports kits such as those of the Minnesota Vikings and Canberra Raiders have perpetuated the myth of the horned helmet.

Viking helmets were conical, made from hard leather with wood and metallic reinforcement for regular troops.

The iron helmet with mask and mail was for the chieftains, based on the previous Vendel -age helmets from central Sweden.

The only original Viking helmet discovered is the Gjermundbu helmet , found in Norway. This helmet is made of iron and has been dated to the 10th century.

The image of wild-haired, dirty savages sometimes associated with the Vikings in popular culture is a distorted picture of reality.

There is no evidence that Vikings drank out of the skulls of vanquished enemies. This was a reference to drinking horns , but was mistranslated in the 17th century [] as referring to the skulls of the slain.

Margaryan et al analyzed Viking world individuals from various archaeological sites in Europe. The Y-DNA composition of the individuals in the study was also similar to that of modern Scandinavians.

The most common Y-DNA haplogroup was I1 95 samples , followed by R1b 84 samples and R1a , especially but not exclusively of the Scandinavian R1a-Z subclade 61 samples.

The study showed what many historians have hypothesized, that it was common for Norsemen to marry into foreign aristocracy. Some individuals from the study, such as those found in Foggia , display typical Scandinavian Y-DNA haplogroups but also Southern European autosomal ancestry, suggesting that they were the descendants of Viking settler males and local women.

The 5 individual samples from Foggia were likely Normans. Unsurprisingly, and very much consistent with historical records, the study found evidence of a major influx of Danish Viking ancestry into England, a Swedish influx into Estonia and Finland; and Norwegian influx into Ireland, Iceland and Greenland during the Viking Age.

Margaryan et al examined the skeletal remains of 42 individuals from the Salme ship burials in Estonia. The skeletal remains belonged to warriors killed in battle who were later buried together with numerous valuable weapons and armour.

DNA testing and isotope analysis revealed that the men came from central Sweden. Female descent studies show evidence of Norse descent in areas closest to Scandinavia, such as the Shetland and Orkney islands.

Recent research suggests that the Celtic warrior Somerled , who drove the Vikings out of western Scotland and was the progenitor of Clan Donald , may have been of Viking descent , a member of haplogroup R-M Margaryan et al examined an elite warrior burial from Bodzia Poland dated to AD.

The cemetery in Bodzia is exceptional in terms of Scandinavian and Kievian Rus links. His burial is the richest one in the whole cemetery, moreover, strontium analysis of his teeth enamel shows he was not local.

It is assumed that he came to Poland with the Prince of Kiev, Sviatopolk the Accursed , and met a violent death in combat. This corresponds to the events of AD when Sviatopolk himself disappeared after having retreated from Kiev to Poland.

It cannot be excluded that the Bodzia man was Sviatopolk himself, as the genealogy of the Rurikids at this period is extremely sketchy and the dates of birth of many princes of this dynasty may be quite approximative.

The Bodzia man carried haplogroup I1- S and had both Scandinavian ancestry and Russian admixture. Gerlög and Inga : Färentuna Runestones , Hillersjö stone , Snottsta and Vreta stones.

Runic transliteration and transcription. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Viking. Norse explorers, raiders, merchants, and pirates.

For other uses, see Viking disambiguation. Contemporary countries. Denmark Finland Iceland Norway Sweden. Prehistory Stone Age Bronze Age Iron Age Migration Period Viking Age Christianization Sweden—Finland Kalmar Union Denmark—Norway Sweden—Norway Denmark—Iceland Nordic Council.

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Main article: Viking Age. Main article: Viking expansion. See also: Old Norse and The Norse Sagas.

Main article: Runestone. The Lingsberg Runestone in Sweden. Runic inscriptions of the larger of the Jelling Stones in Denmark.

Two types of Norse runestones from the Viking Age. See also: Norse funeral and Ship burial. Burial mounds Gamla Uppsala.

Examples of Viking burial mounds and stone set graves, collectively known as tumuli. Main article: Viking ships. Prow of the Oseberg ship , at Oslo Museum.

A reconstructed longship. Main article: Viking Age arms and armour. Viking swords. See also: Trade during the Viking Age , Trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks , and Volga trade route.

This section appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, providing citations to reliable, secondary sources , rather than simply listing appearances.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Play media. Main article: Horned helmet. Faroese people Geats Gotlander Gutasaga Oeselians Proto-Norse language Scandinavian prehistory Swedes Germanic tribe Ushkuiniks , Novgorod's privateers Viking raid warfare and tactics.

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See Magdalena Carrasco, "Some Illustrations of the Life of St. Sweet's Anglo-Saxon Reader , OUP , p. The Vikings. Cambridge University Press.

The term 'Viking' This is the narrow, and technically the only correct use of the term 'Viking,' but in such expressions as 'Viking civilisation,' 'the Viking age,' 'the Viking movement,' 'Viking influence,' the word has come to have a wider significance and is used as a concise and convenient term for describing the whole of the civilisation, activity and influence of the Scandinavian peoples, at a particular period in their history, and to apply the term 'Viking' in its narrower sense to these movements would be as misleading as to write an account of the age of Elizabeth and label it 'The Buccaneers.

Historical Dictionary of the Vikings. Scarecrow Press. Viking is not merely another way of referring to a medieval Scandinavian.

Technically, the word has a more specific meaning, and it was used only infrequently by contemporaries of the Vikings to refer to those Scandinavians, usually men, who attacked their contemporaries Simpson, Jacqueline The Viking World.

Strictly speaking, therefore, the term Viking should only be applied to men actually engaged in these violent pursuits, and not to every contemporary Scandinavian Davies, Norman The Isles: A History.

Oxford University Press. The Viking appellation Encyclopaedia Britannica. The term "Viking" is applied today to Scandinavians who left their homes intent on raiding or conquest, and their descendants, during a period extending roughly from a.

Mawer, Allen In Bury, J. The Cambridge Medieval History. The term Viking Retrieved 3 January Scandinavian words used to describe the seafaring raiders from Norway, Sweden, and Denmark who ravaged the coasts of Europe from about ad onwards.

Crowcroft, Robert; Cannon, John , eds. Viking is an Old Norse term, of disputed derivation, which only came into common usage in the 19th cent. Concise Oxford English Dictionary.

OUP Oxford. Vikings: Any of the Scandinavian seafaring pirates and traders who raided and settled in many parts of NW Europe in the 8th—11th centuries Random House Unabridged Dictionary Random House.

Any of the Scandinavian pirates who plundered the coasts of Europe from the 8th to 10th centuries COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary.

Collins Online Dictionary. The Vikings were people who sailed from Scandinavia and attacked villages in most parts of north-western Europe from the 8th to the 11th centuries Collins English Dictionary.

Webster's New World Dictionary, 4th Edition Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Cambridge Dictionary. Archived from the original on 5 May Retrieved 30 September Viking, also called Norseman or Northman, member of the Scandinavian seafaring warriors who raided and colonized wide areas of Europe from the 9th to the 11th century and whose disruptive influence profoundly affected European history.

These pagan Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish warriors were Archived from the original on 30 September Lepel Regional Executive Committee. Archived 15 July at the Wayback Machine Business Ukraine.

Visby Sweden , n. A companion to the Early Middle Ages. Who were the first vikings? Proceedings of the Tenth Viking Congress, Larkollen, Norway Oslo: Universitetets oldsaksamling, UiO.

Oslo: Instituttet for sammenlignende kulturforskning Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture.

Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. DID YOU KNOW? Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. Episode Guide. Vikings transports us to the brutal and mysterious world of Ragnar Lothbrok, a Viking warrior and farmer who yearns to explore - and raid - the distant shores across the ocean.

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Episodes Seasons. Won 1 Primetime Emmy. Edit Cast Series cast summary: Katheryn Winnick Floki 68 episodes, Alexander Ludwig Ivar 53 episodes, Jordan Patrick Smith King Harald Finehair 49 episodes, Travis Fimmel Ragnar Lothbrok 45 episodes, Clive Standen Rollo 45 episodes, John Kavanagh Judith 40 episodes, Maude Hirst Runesten beskriver rejser til bl.

Der er mange typer vikingeskibe, som blev bygget til forskellig brug; den bedst kendte type er sandsynligvis langskibet. Langskibene gjorde det muligt for nordboerne at drage i viking , hvilket kan forklare, hvorfor netop denne type skib stort set at blevet synonym med vikingerne.

Skibe var en integreret del af vikingekulturen. De var placeret i fjorden i tallet for at lave en blokade i kanalen for at beskytte Roskilde , som var den danske hovedstad, for angreb fra vandet.

Man missionerede med andre ord ikke. Jarlerne var aristokratiet i vikingesamfundet. En gift kvinde kunne blive skilt fra sin mand og kunne gifte sig igen.

De tre klasser i samfundet var genkendelige ud fra deres udseende. Stort set alle deres smykker var fremstillet i specifikke designs, der var unikke i Skandinavien se Kunst i vikingetiden.

Vikingerne var renlige og gik meget op i deres udseende og god hygiejne. Maden blev ofte saltet og smagen blev modificeret med krydderi , hvoraf nogle blev importeret, som eksempelvis peber , mens andre blev dyrket i urtehaver eller fundet vildt i naturen.

I Ribe er korn som rug , havre og hvede blevet fundet og dateret til tallet, og man mener, at de er blevet dyrket lokalt. Den 1. Vraget fra Skuldelev 2 var blevet fundet sammen med fire andre i under udgravninger i Roskilde Fjord.

Vikingernes skibe som knarren , var en vigtig faktor i deres succes som handelsfolk. Mange af deres varer blev handlet indbyrdes som fedtsten og slibestene.

Horn blev brugt til hverdagsgenstande som kamme. I England begyndte vikingetiden dramatisk den 8. Disse pirater, som blev kaldt wichingi af deres egne folk, og Ascomanni af vort folk, hylder den danske konge.

I Skandinavien brugte danske forskere som Thomas Bartholin og Ole Worm samt svenskeren Olaus Rudbeck runeinskriptioner og islandske sagaer som historiske kilder.

Et vigtigt tidligt bidrag fra Storbritannien var George Hicke, der udgav Linguarum vett. Geijers digt gjorde meget for at udbrede det nye romantiserede ideal om vikinger, der ikke havde meget basis i historiske fakta.

Den fornyede interesse i romanticisme i fortidens Skandinavien havde en samtidig politisk indvirken. Den romantiserede ide om vikingerne, der var etableret i forskningskredse i Nordvesteuropa i tallet og begyndelsen af tallet var potent, og vikingen som figur blev et velkendt og formbart symbol i forskellige kontekster i politik og politiske ideologier i tallets Europa.

Samtidig blev ideologiske orienterede fortolkninger af vikingernes tro, og den skandinaviske brug af runer brugt til at konstruere nazimysticisme.

Andre politiske organisationer i samme boldgade, som det tidlige norske fascistparti Nasjonal Samling , brugte lignende elementer af den moderne myte om vikingekultur i deres symbolisme og propaganda.

Novgorod enerkender i dag deres vikingehistorie, og man har inkluderet et vikingeskib i byens logo. Vampyren Eric Northman i HBO tv-serien True Blood var vikingeprins inden han blev vampyr.

I lancerede HBO serien Vikings som omhandler Regnar Lodbrog i en noget anden udgave end sagaerne og en fiktiv gruppe vikinger.

Jels Vikingespil er sat op siden med forskellige forestillinger og op mod Over Minnesota Vikings fra National Football League er navngivet efter de mange skandinaver i USA, som bor i Minnesota.

Tegneserier som Hägar the Horrible og Vicky the Viking , og sportsudstyr som det med Minnesota Vikings ' logo og Canberra Raiders har bevaret myten om hjelme med horn.

Den er af jern og er dateret til tallet. Dette var en reference til drikkehorn , men blev fejloversat i tallet [] til at omhandle kranier fra deres slagne fjender.

Studier af genetisk spredning giver indikationer af oprindelsen og udvidelsen af vikingerne. For alternative betydninger, se Viking flertydig.

Uddybende artikel: Vikingetiden. Uddybende artikel: Vikingernes ekspansion. Uddybende artikel: Runesten. Lingsbergrunestenene i Sverige.

To typer af nordiske runesten fra vikingetiden. Uddybende artikel: Vikingeskib. Det rekonstruerede langskib Havhingsten fra Glendalough.

Uddybende artikel: Rekonstruktioner af vikingeskibe. Uddybende artikel: Vikingerne som handelsfolk. Uddybende artikel: Hornhjelm. Visby Sweden , n.

Skeat , Udgivet , definerede Viking : better Wiking, Icel. Viking-r, O. An etymological contribution" PDF. Arkiv för nordisk filologi. Hentet Skeat: Principles of English Etymology Clarendon press, p.

What Did The Vikings Do Before They Began to Play Football? Boas Linguistics Research Center. The University of Texas at Austin.

Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology RMIT. A reply to Harald Bjorvand". Centre of Medieval Studies University of Bergen.

Archaeology in Europe. Arkiveret fra originalen 7. A private homepage project. National Museum of Denmark.

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Vikings. The Viking Great Army and its Legacy: plotting settlement shift using metal-detected finds , Internet Archaeology Hiberno-Norwegians and Anglo-Danes:anachronistic ethnicities and Viking-Age England.

University of Aberdeen. Oxford University Press, , s. ISBN The History Press Ltd, , ISBN Nicolle, D, Turnbull, S Worth Press Ltd, , ISBN The Scandinavians in history Pg.

Kalmback Publishing. Hentet 6. Torp, Norwegisch-Dänisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch , , s. Benedikz, The Varangians of Byzantium , , p.

Cambridge University Press, A History of the Vikings. New York: Oxford University Press. The Origin of Rus'.

Detailed maps of Viking settlements in Scotland, Ireland, England, Iceland and Normandy. Kings and Vikings: Scandinavia and Europe AD — engelsk. Weather engelsk.

Spiegel Online International. Aarhus University. Acta Archaeologica engelsk. A bibliography of French-language ", Caen, Centre for research on the countries of the North and Northwest, University of Caen, , p.

Policy Review. Hoover Institution. Arkiveret fra originalen Meccan trade and the rise of Islam First Georgias Press. James Graham-Campbell and Gareth Williams, pp.

Svenska kyrkan. Why Alfred Burnt the Cakes. Mollerup: "Christian I" Salmonsens Konversationsleksikon , 2. The Daily Beagle. National Museums Liverpool.

Vikinger. Vikingerne slog ihjel for familiens ære, drog på togter for at finde kvinder og var intelligente forretningsmænd. Skandinaviens famøse vikinger tog Europa med storm og efterlod et så stærkt print på historien, at vi stadig er helt vilde med dem. Vi har derfor samlet en overflod af . Vikinger – BuddyPress and GamiPress Social Community WordPress Theme The Next Generation WordPress + Buddypress Social Community! We carefully designed this theme for you to have all you need to build an incredible community with full profiles, reactions, groups, badges, quests, ranks, credits and much more to come!/5(20). Welcome. Velkommen til Danske Vikingers Webstore! Brug menuen ovenfor, for at se mere om vores forskellige pakker. Klik her for at læse mere om din sikkerhed, hos os. Opret gerne en ticket på vores Discord, hvis du har nogen spørgsmål.. Brug for hjælp indenfor vores pakker, læs vores Perk Explanation. Forskellen mellem VIP, VIP+ og VIKING, vist nedenfor.


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