Familie. Familie Hesse, links Hermann. © Suhrkamp Verlag, Berlin. „Um meine Geschichte zu erzählen, muß ich weit vorn anfangen. Ich müsste, wäre es mir. Es gibt nur ein einziges Haus, welches Hermann Hesse je selbst baute. Es wurde in Gaienhofen fertig gestellt und war bis der Wohnsitz der Familie. Umzug der Familie Hesse nach Basel, wo Hesses Vater einen Lehrauftrag an der Missionsschule in Basel annimmt. Rückkehr der Familie nach Calw.
Hermann Hesse 1877-1962Familie Hesse aus Bad Salzuflen träumt vom eigenen Wohnwagen. Ihren Wohnwagen wollen sie sich richtig schön machen und dann auch. Lebenslauf · Lebensstationen · Familie · Stammbaum · Lebenskrise · „Indienreise“ · Religion · Politik · Nobelpreis · Literatur · Malerei · Museen · Multimedia. Hesse lebt als freier Schriftsteller mit seiner Familie in Gaienhofen am Bodensee. In der Erzählung "Unterm Rad" verarbeitet er eigene Schulerfahrungen.
Familie Hesse Navigation menu VideoAlter Adel - neue Aufgaben: Alexis Prinz von Hessen - euromaxx
This experience from his youth, especially his time spent at the Seminary in Maulbronn, he returns to later in his novel Beneath the Wheel. On 17 October , Hesse began working in the bookshop in Tübingen, which had a specialized collection in theology, philology, and law.
After the end of each twelve-hour workday, Hesse pursued his own work, and he spent his long, idle Sundays with books rather than friends. Hesse studied theological writings and later Goethe , Lessing , Schiller , and Greek mythology.
He also began reading Nietzsche in ,  and that philosopher's ideas of "dual… impulses of passion and order" in humankind was a heavy influence on most of his novels.
By , Hesse had a respectable income that enabled financial independence from his parents. In letters to his parents, he expressed a belief that "the morality of artists is replaced by aesthetics".
During this time, he was introduced to the home of Fräulein von Reutern, a friend of his family's. There he met with people his own age.
His relationships with his contemporaries were "problematic", in that most of them were now at university. This usually left him feeling awkward in social situations.
In , his poem "Madonna" appeared in a Viennese periodical and Hesse released his first small volume of poetry, Romantic Songs.
In , a published poem of his, "Grand Valse", drew him a fan letter. It was from Helene Voigt , who the next year married Eugen Diederichs , a young publisher.
To please his wife, Diederichs agreed to publish Hesse's collection of prose entitled One Hour After Midnight in although it is dated In two years, only 54 of the printed copies of Romantic Songs were sold, and One Hour After Midnight received only one printing and sold sluggishly.
Furthermore, Hesse "suffered a great shock" when his mother disapproved of "Romantic Songs" on the grounds that they were too secular and even "vaguely sinful.
From late , Hesse worked in a distinguished antique book shop in Basel. Through family contacts, he stayed with the intellectual families of Basel.
In this environment with rich stimuli for his pursuits, he further developed spiritually and artistically.
At the same time, Basel offered the solitary Hesse many opportunities for withdrawal into a private life of artistic self-exploration, journeys and wanderings.
In , Hesse was exempted from compulsory military service due to an eye condition. This, along with nerve disorders and persistent headaches, affected him his entire life.
In , Hesse undertook to fulfill a long-held dream and travelled for the first time to Italy. In the same year, Hesse changed jobs and began working at the antiquarium Wattenwyl in Basel.
Hesse had more opportunities to release poems and small literary texts to journals. These publications now provided honorariums.
His new bookstore agreed to publish his next work, Posthumous Writings and Poems of Hermann Lauscher. He could not bring himself to attend her funeral, stating in a letter to his father: "I think it would be better for us both that I do not come, in spite of my love for my mother.
Due to the good notices that Hesse received for Lauscher , the publisher Samuel Fischer became interested in Hesse  and, with the novel Peter Camenzind , which appeared first as a pre-publication in and then as a regular printing by Fischer in , came a breakthrough: from now on, Hesse could make a living as a writer.
The novel became popular throughout Germany. Having realised he could make a living as a writer, Hesse finally married Maria Bernoulli of the famous family of mathematicians  in , while her father, who disapproved of their relationship, was away for the weekend.
The couple settled down in Gaienhofen on Lake Constance , and began a family, eventually having three sons. In Gaienhofen, he wrote his second novel, Beneath the Wheel , which was published in In the following time, he composed primarily short stories and poems.
His story "The Wolf", written in —07, was "quite possibly" a foreshadowing of Steppenwolf. His next novel, Gertrude , published in , revealed a production crisis.
He had to struggle through writing it, and he later would describe it as "a miscarriage". Gaienhofen was the place where Hesse's interest in Buddhism was re-sparked.
Following a letter to Kapff in entitled Nirvana , Hesse had ceased alluding to Buddhist references in his work.
In , however, Arthur Schopenhauer and his philosophical ideas started receiving attention again, and Hesse discovered theosophy. Schopenhauer and theosophy renewed Hesse's interest in India.
Although it was many years before the publication of Hesse's Siddhartha , this masterpiece was to be derived from these new influences.
During this time, there also was increased dissonance between him and Maria, and in Hesse left for a long trip to Sri Lanka and Indonesia.
He also visited Sumatra, Borneo, and Burma, but "the physical experience Following Hesse's return, the family moved to Bern , but the change of environment could not solve the marriage problems, as he himself confessed in his novel Rosshalde from At the outbreak of the First World War in , Hesse registered himself as a volunteer with the Imperial army , saying that he could not sit inactively by a warm fireplace while other young authors were dying on the front.
He was found unfit for combat duty, but was assigned to service involving the care of prisoners of war.
Christianity portal. Archived from the original on 22 December Retrieved 16 March Archived from the original on 17 May Retrieved 17 May Virginia Hesse, Ambassador of Ghana".
Retrieved 7 December Encounters in Quest of Christian Womanhood: The Basel Mission in Pre- and Early Colonial Ghana. Ethnographic Collecting and African Agency in Early Colonial West Africa: A Study of Trans-Imperial Cultural Flows.
Bloomsbury Publishing USA. Archived from the original on 25 February Hesse-Homburg became under mortgage to two merchants — and to the Landgraves of Hesse-Darmstadt — Hesse-Homburg returned then to George Christian's brother, Frederick.
Louis VIII. Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg regent. Louis VI 5 December Gotha eight children. Ernest Louis I. Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach 1 December Darmstadt five children.
Frederick III. Margareta Brahe 12 May Stockholm no children Louise Elisabeth of Courland 23 October Cölln twelve children Sophie Sybille of Leiningen-Westerburg three children.
William VIII the Elder. Maria Anna of Löwenstein-Wertheim 3 March Rochefort eight children. Charles II. Sophie Magdalene of Salm-Reifferscheid before five children Alexandrine Juliane of Leiningen-Dagsburg before eleven children.
Frederick IV Jacob. Elisabeth Dorothea of Hesse-Darmstadt 14 February Butzbach nine children Christiane Charlotte of Nassau-Ottweiler 17 October Saarbrücken no children.
William IX the Younger. Ernestine of the Palatinate-Sulzbach 19 September no children. Charles III.
Caroline Christine of Saxe-Eisenach 24 November Eisenach five children. William X. Charlotte Wilhelmine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym 31 October Hoym fifteen children.
Ernest II Leopold. Eleonore of Löwenstein-Wertheim 9 November Frankfurt ten children. Louise Dorothea of Prussia 31 May Berlin no children Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden 24 March Stockholm no children.
Also King of Sweden. Left no heirs. Hesse-Kassel under the regency of his brother, William, later Landgrave William VIII. Louis IX. Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg 5 April Hanau six children.
Frederick VI Charles. Ulrike Louise of Solms-Braunfels 10 October Hungen two children. Sophia von Starhemberg eleven children Jeanne Henriette de Bombelles 27 May no children.
William XI. Dorothea Wilhelmine of Saxe-Zeitz 27 September Zeitz three children. Ulrike Louise of Solms-Braunfels regent. Frederick IV Charles 10 October Hungen two children.
Frederick VII. Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt 27 September Darmstadt eleven children. Between and the Landgraviate was annexed to the Kingdom of Westphalia.
Frederick VIII. Mary of Great Britain 8 May London by proxy 28 June Kassel in person four children Philippine of Brandenburg-Schwedt 10 January Berlin no children.
Frederick IX. Louis X. Caroline of the Palatinate-Zweibrücken 12 August Zweibrücken eight children. William XII. Ulrika Eleonora of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld 22 June Tournai nine children.
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Sign in Create Account. Family Tree. From FamilySearch Wiki. Hesse Hessen , German Empire Genealogy. Germany, Hessen, Darmstadt City Records, Categories : FamilySearch Historical Records Published Collections Darmstadt Hesse FamilySearch Historical Records FamilySearch Historical Records FamilySearch Historical Records Image Visibility Notice FamilySearch Historical Records Known Issues.
Navigation menu Personal tools English. The parts of Hesse-Darmstadt on the western banks of the Rhine province Rheinhessen were occupied by French troops until under the terms of the Versailles peace treaty that officially ended World War I in In the Principality of Waldeck was dissolved and incorporated into Hesse-Nassau.
After World War II , the Hessian territory west of the Rhine was again occupied by France, whereas the rest of the region was part of the US occupation zone.
The French separated their part of Hesse from the rest of the region and incorporated it into the newly founded state of Rhineland-Palatinate Rheinland-Pfalz.
On 4 December , Greater Hesse was officially renamed Hessen. Due to its proximity to the Inner German border , Hesse became an important location of NATO installations in the s, especially military bases of the US V Corps and United States Army Europe.
The first elected minister president of Hesse was Christian Stock , followed by Georg-August Zinn both Social Democrats.
The CDU gained a relative majority in the elections, but the Social Democrats continued to govern in a coalition with the FDP. Hesse was first governed by the CDU under Walter Wallmann during —, replaced by a SPD-Greens coalition under Hans Eichel during — From , Hesse was governed by the CDU under Roland Koch retired and Volker Bouffier incumbent as of Frankfurt during the s to s developed into one of the major cities of West Germany.
Situated in west-central Germany, The state of Hesse borders the German states of starting in the north and proceeding clockwise Lower Saxony , Thuringia , Bavaria , Baden-Württemberg , Rhineland-Palatinate , and North Rhine-Westphalia.
Most of the population of Hesse lives in the southern part, in the Rhine Main Area. Other major towns in Hesse are Fulda in the east , and Kassel and Marburg an der Lahn in the north.
The densely populated Rhine-Main region is much better developed than the rural areas in the middle and northern parts of Hesse.
The most important rivers in Hesse are the Fulda and Eder Rivers in the north, the Lahn in the central part of Hesse, and the Main and Rhine in the south.
The countryside is hilly and the numerous mountain ranges include the Rhön , the Westerwald , the Taunus , the Vogelsberg , the Knüll and the Spessart.
The Rhine borders Hesse on the southwest without running through the state, only one oxbow lake —— the so-called Alt-Rhein —— runs through Hesse.
The mountain range between the Main and the Neckar Rivers is called the Odenwald. The plain between the rivers Main, Rhine, and Neckar, and the Odenwald Mountains is called the Ried.
Hesse is a unitary state governed directly by the Hessian government in the capital city Wiesbaden, partially through regional vicarious authorities called Regierungspräsidien.
Municipal parliaments are, however, elected independently from the state government by the Hessian people. Local municipalities enjoy a considerable degree of home rule.
The administrative regions have no legislature of their own, but are executive agencies of the state government. Hesse is divided into 21 districts Kreise and five independent cities, each with their own local governments.
They are, shown with abbreviations as used on vehicle number plates:. The term "Rhenish Hesse" German : Rheinhessen refers to the part of the former Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt located west of the Rhine.
It has not been part of the State of Hesse since due to divisions in the aftermath of World War II. This province is now part of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate.
It is a hilly countryside largely devoted to vineyards; therefore, it is also called the "land of the thousand hills". Its larger towns include Mainz , Worms , Bingen , Alzey , Nieder-Olm , and Ingelheim.
Many inhabitants commute to work in Mainz, Wiesbaden, or Frankfurt. Hesse has been a parliamentary republic since , except during Nazi rule — The German federal system has elements of exclusive federal competences, shared competences, and exclusive competences of the states.
Hesse is famous for having a rather brisk style in its politics with the ruling parties being either the center-right Christian Democratic Union CDU or the center-left Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD.
Due to the Hessian electoral laws, the biggest party normally needs a smaller coalition partner. As Hesse is a partly sovereign federated state , its constitution combines the offices of the head of state and head of government in one office called the Minister-President German: Ministerpräsident which is comparable to the office of a prime minister.
In the state elections the two leading parties, CDU and SPD, lost The Green party, a member of Hesse's previous governing coalition with CDU, gained 8.
The largest gains during the election were made by Alternative for Germany AfD at The two other parties also made gains.
The major losses of the two leading parties whose coalition made up the federal cabinet during the election closely mirrors the results of the state elections in Bavaria.
In the current parliament the conservative CDU holds 40 seats, the centre-left SPD and the leftist Green party each hold 29 seats, the right-wing AfD holds 19 seats, the liberal FDP party holds 11 seats and the socialist party Die Linke holds 9 seats.
As a member state of the German federation, Hesse does not have a diplomatic service of its own.
However, Hesse operates representation offices in such foreign countries as the United States, China, Hungary, Cuba, Russia, Poland, and Iran.
These offices are mostly used to represent Hessian interests in cultural and economic affairs. Hesse has also permanent representation offices in Berlin at the federal government of Germany and in Brussels at the institutions of the European Union.
The flag colors of Hesse are red and white.